Enterprise IT Context for the CTO

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What Does Internet Routing in Space Mean for the CTO?

Humanitarian efforts around the globe will be better served with more converged services

Yesterday, 23 November 2009, an Atlas V rocket from the United Launch Alliance successfully launched the Intelsat 14 satellite (IS-14).  Liftoff of the Atlas V occurred at 1:55am ET.  The satellite separated successfully two hours later.   Today we received word that the satellite’s solar panels have deployed and all is well.  Great launch!

Atlas Launch 23 No 2009There is something really significant about this satellite that many enterprise technologists will be paying attention to.  Besides its payload of now traditional satellite communications, it carries a specially hosted payload known as the Internet Router in Space, or IRIS.

According to Cisco’s Steve Boutelle, “We believe IRIS will extend broadband services on demand in the sky.  The Cisco IRIS payload will merge communications received on various frequency bands and transmit them to multiple users.  Once in service, the IRIS payload will support network services for voice, video and data communications, enabling U.S. military units and allied forces to communicate with one another using Internet Protocol (IP) and existing ground equipment.”intelsat14_ships

This router is very much like routers used on the planet.  But it is, of course, space-tolerant. Some other key features:  It runs the Cisco IOS.  And, it can have its software remotely configured (so it can be done from here on earth without sending sysadmins up into space).

What is the “so-what?” of this launch?  IRIS improves space communications. IRIS will enhance agility, provide more security, and provide space communications into more standard communications equipment.  IRIS can route data to multiple ground receivers in a single step, which increses transponder utilization.  Since the payload regenerates the signal, its power is increased, which enables a reduction in the size of sending and receiving terminals.  This is particularly important to mobile users and to supporting remote, disadvantaged locations.  After lessons are gathered from this effort I believe we will see dramatic improvement in the ability of  first responders to communicate in crisis situations.  Humanitarian efforts around the globe will be better served with more converged services.  And our military will be able to move with much greater agility (and with much less weight).

For more details on what IRIS is and why it is more flexible, agile and can provide lower cost, higher performance services see:


A cool video of the launch is below.  But what I really can’t wait to see is a video of the first packets being exchanged with IRIS.  If all goes well there this will be a very positive thing for global communications.

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  3. A Walk in the Cloud with PowerVPS and Equinix


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More Stories By Bob Gourley

Bob Gourley writes on enterprise IT. He is a founder of Crucial Point and publisher of CTOvision.com

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